26.06.12

DESIGNING CIRCUITS:

The logic circuits or gates perform the logical operations.

(This portion of tutorial is taken from|yale.edu)

OPERATIONS AND THEIR GATES:

1. AND GATE

DESIGNING CIRCUITS:

The first step in the design of a circuit is to establish a truth
table that shows the output for all possible inputs.

Truth Tables

Truth Tables

not | A | A' | and | A | B | A.B | or | A | B | A+B | |

0 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | ||||

1 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 1 | ||||

1 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 1 | ||||

1 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

With proper input electronic digital circuits (logic circuits)
establish logical manipulate paths. By passing binary signals through
various combination of logic circuits, any desired information for
computing can be operated on; each signal represents a binary
carrying one "bit" of information.

The logic circuits or gates perform the logical operations.

(This portion of tutorial is taken from|yale.edu)

OPERATIONS AND THEIR GATES:

1. AND GATE

http://sub.allaboutcircuits.com/images/04100.png |

http://sub.allaboutcircuits.com/images/04101.png |

We can see, that Multiple input gates (gates with more than two inputs) exist in real world. Inverters and buffers exhaust the possibilities for single-input
gate circuits. What more can be done with a single logic signal but
to buffer it or invert it? To explore more logic gate possibilities,
we must add more input terminals to the circuit(s). Adding more input terminals to a logic gate increases the number
of input state possibilities. With a single-input gate such as the
inverter or buffer, there can only be two possible input states:
either the input is "high" (1) or it is "low"
(0). As was mentioned previously in this chapter, a two input gate
has four possibilities (00, 01, 10, and 11). A three-input gate has
eight possibilities (000, 001, 010, 011, 100, 101, 110, and 111) for
input states. The number of possible input states is equal to two to
the power of the number of inputs:

Lets take example of multiple input AND gate:

Now above AND gate have three inputs and applying the formula of 2

^{n}, where n is number of inputs, with three inputs it becomes: 2^{3}=8, so we will have 8 possible rows in this truth table, in the pattern of (000 (FFF), 001(FFT), 010(FTF), 011(FTT), 100(TFF), 101(TFT), 110(TTF), and 111(TTT)). In this way we can construct truth tables for multiple input gates.
...continued

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